The immune system bypasses these allergens and produces histamine, which is a chemical that causes allergic symptoms, such as inflammation, sneezing and coughing.
Allergic reactions to allergies are usually treated with home remedies and over-the-counter (OTC) medications.
However, harmful allergens need to be treated by a medical professional. Severe allergic reactions always require emergency medical care.
Treating allergic reactions
Many mild to severe allergic reactions can be treated at home or with OTC medications. The following treatments are commonly used to reduce the symptoms of an allergic reaction:
Antihistamines can help treat most allergic reactions regardless of the cause. These drugs reduce the body’s production of histamine, which reduces all symptoms, including sneezing, eye irritation, and skin reactions.
Second-generation antihistamines, including Clarinet (Lorraine) and Zyrtec (containerize), are less likely to cause sleep deprivation than first-generation antihistamines, such as Benadryl.
Antihistamines come in several forms, usually to help deliver the medication closer to the source of the reaction or to make it easier to eat, such as:
- oral pills
- dis-solvable tablets
- nasal sprays
- eye drops
Antihistamines in these forms are available from drugstores, to buy online, or on prescription from a doctor.
Antihistamines can also be taken to prevent allergies. Many people with seasonal or pet allergies will start taking antihistamines when they know they are going to be exposed to an allergen.
A person who is pregnant or has a liver disorder should talk to their doctor before taking antihistamines.
Nasal decongestant pills, liquids, and sprays can also help reduce stuffed, swollen sinuses and related symptoms, such as sore throat or cough.
However, decongestant medications should not be taken continuously for more than 72 hours.
Nasal decongestants are available over the counter and online.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSA-IDs) can also be used to help reduce pain, swelling, and cramping caused by allergies.
Avoid the allergen
The best way to treat and prevent allergic reactions is to know what triggers the reaction and stay away from it, especially food allergens.
When this is not possible or feasible, the use of antihistamines or decongestants when in contact with allergens may help treat the symptoms.
Use a saline sinus workflow
When allergies cause sinus problems, the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) recommends rinsing their sinuses with saline. This can remove allergens and clean the airways.
The AAAAI recommends the following saline recipe:
- mix 3 teaspoon of salt (without iodide) with 1 teaspoon of baking soda
- add 1 teaspoon of this mixture to 8 ounces of boiled water
- melt the mixture in the water and then use as a saline rice
Sinus rusing machines can be purchased online or from pharmacies.
Treating environmental allergies
For airborne allergens, such as pollen, dust and mold spores, additional treatment options include:
- neck lozenges with mild ingredients, such as menthol, honey, or ginger
- exercise for a few minutes to help reduce nasal congestion
Treating skin allergies
For allergic reactions that cause skin symptoms, including those associated with allergens found in animal saliva, toxic plants, drugs, chemicals and metals, additional treatment options are include:
- Contemporary stereoscopic devices or tablets . Contortionists are steroids that reduce inflammation and itch. Mild forms of these creams are available online, and a doctor can prescribe stronger versions.
- Moist garlic . A moisturizing cream with soothing ingredients, such as calamine can treat skin reactions.
- Feeding or stinging medicine . Medications that aim to reduce allergic reactions to insect bites or stings have similar effects to other allergy medications.
- Ice pack . Applying an ice pack wrapped in cloth to the area for 10 to 15-minute periods can reduce inflammation.
Treating severe allergies
People should speak to a professional if they have or suspect severe or harmful allergies.
A doctor or allergist may prescribe medications that contain much stronger doses of the fertilizers found in OTC products.
Treatment options for harmful or serious allergies include:
- Hypnotherapy, or allergies. Hypnotherapy can be between 90 and 98 percent effective in reducing allergic reactions to insect bites, for example.
- Prescribed asthma medications, such as defibrillators and inhaled contortionists.
- Oral Carolyn can be given for food allergies.
- Drug desensitization therapy is used for specific allergens.
Natural remedies for allergic reactions
Many traditional medicine systems use herbal products and extracts for both the treatment and prevention of allergic reactions, especially seasonal allergies.
While there is little scientific evidence to support the use of most natural or natural remedies, some people may find relief from their symptoms.
The American Society of Naturalistic Physicians recommends the following natural remedies for allergies:
- Dietary changes . A low-fat diet high in complex carbohydrates, such as beans, whole grains, and vegetables can reduce allergic reactions.
- Bioflavonoids . These plant-based chemicals found in citrus fruits and black gutters can be natural antihistamines. These can also be taken as additives.
- Improvements . Flaxseed oil, zinc, and vitamins A, C, and E are recommended to improve allergy symptoms.
- Acupuncture . Acupuncture treatments may help some people to get relief from their symptoms.
Identifying and treating prophylaxis
A severe allergic reaction can cause a condition called prophylaxis, or prophylactic shock.
Anaphylaxis occurs when the body’s immune response to an allergen is so severe and sudden that the body enters a state of panic.
Anaphylaxis can affect multiple organs and if left untreated can lead to coma, organ failure, and death.
The early symptoms of anaphylaxis can be quite mild and similar to the symptoms of small to moderate reactions, but they often get worse.
Symptoms specific to anaphylaxis include:
- unexplained anxiety
- tingling in the palms of the hands, soles of the feet, and lips
- swollen tongue, throat, mouth, and face
- difficulty breathing
- fast but weak beat
- low blood pressure
- feeling of sadness or hurt
- vomiting or diarrhea
- upset or upset
- loss of consciousness
- very pale or blue skin
- heart attack
Anyone suspected of having anaphylaxis should call 911 and seek emergency medical care.
If the person is carrying EpiPen, which is a self-injectable dose of epinephrine designed to treat anaphylaxis, insert this into their thigh, as soon as possible.
First aid for anaphylaxis includes:
- try to keep the person calm
- the person can exhale, so they turn to their side and keep their mouths clear
- try to get the man to lie flat on his back with his feet raised about a foot above the ground
- make sure the person’s clothes are loose or remove tight clothing
- do not give anything for drinking or eating, even if they ask for it
- if they are not breathing, use CPR with about 100 chest compressions per minute until the emergency services arrive.
If a person does not have EpiPen, a doctor or paramedic will inject the hormone epinephrine, or adrenaline. This will immediately increase the output of the heart and the flow of blood throughout the body.
One should seek medical attention each time anaphylaxis occurs. Even if they start to feel better or their symptoms go away, a second severe allergic reaction can appear up to 12 hours after the first response.
The symptoms associated with an allergic response depend on the specific allergen, the severity of the allergy, and whether a person has rubbed, swallowed or inhaled the allergen.
Not everyone responds in the same way to all allergens. But there are sets of similar symptoms that most people get when exposed to certain allergens.
Many people experience an allergic reaction when exposed to specific allergens, from pet dander and pollen to fertilizers in food, beverages and personal hygiene products.
The best way to treat an allergic reaction depends on the cause, although most minor cases can be treated with OTC antihistamine and anti-itch products.
One should seek immediate medical attention for harmful or severe allergic reactions, especially those involving inflammation of the throat or changes in heart rate. Anaphylaxis should always be treated as a medical emergency.